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Wednesday, 4 March 2015

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Finger Amputation- What You Need To Know


Amputation refers to the removal or loss of a bodily part such as a finger, toe, hand, foot, arm, or leg. It can be a life changing experience affecting your ability to move, work, interact with others and maintain your independence. Recovery might be delayed by persistent pain, phantom limb symptoms, and emotional stress.

 

What are the causes of amputation?

A traumatic amputation might result from a car accident, an occupational or industrial mishap, or a military injury. Traumatic injury is responsible for around 45 percent of all amputations. In a serious accident, a bodily part may be severed or severed, or it may be so extensively injured from a crush injury or severe burns that it cannot be saved.

If tissue deterioration, infection, or illness affects a bodily part in such a manner that it cannot be repaired or endangers the person's life, that portion may be removed surgically.

Trauma or sickness that prevents blood supply to a bodily component over a lengthy period of time may also induce tissue death, necessitating amputation. Frostbite, for example, may damage the blood arteries in the fingers and toes, ultimately necessitating their amputation.

 

Diabetes, Amputation, and Vascular Disease

Complications of vascular disorders and other ailments that alter blood flow, such as diabetes and peripheral artery disease, account for about 54% of all surgical amputations (PAD).

Chronic vascular issues may cause tissue death in the toes, foot, and legs. 

 

Cancer-related Amputation

Amputations to prevent the spread of certain forms of cancer account for fewer than 2% of all amputations. Sarcomas may damage bone and soft tissue in the limbs, and amputation may be required if the cancer is too big or aggressive to be removed, if it recurs, or if it reaches into the nerves or blood arteries.

Advanced malignancies of the upper leg may need hip disarticulation, which involves removing the whole femur (thigh bone) from the pelvis.

 

Amputation Surgery Types

  • The surgical strategy is determined by the afflicted body part, the cause for amputation, and the level of bone and tissue damage. A finger amputation is a minor but delicate treatment that involves dealing with skin, tendons, and nerves to restore fine motor function and optimum hand usage. The removal of an arm or limb may need significant surgery, requiring ability in manipulating and stabilising all of the body's tissues, including skin, blood vessels, muscles, nerves, tendons, and bone.
  • The surgeon may cut through the bone or detach (disarticulate) a joint, separating bones where they meet, such as at the knee or elbow, to remove a finger, toe, foot, hand, arm, or leg.
  • Amputation may be done in stages. To address tissue disintegration, persistent discomfort, scarring, or other health concerns, a revision treatment may be required.

 

Upper Extremity Amputation Types

  • A partial hand amputation is the removal of a portion of the hand.
  • Wrist disarticulation is the removal of the hand after it has been separated from the lower arm at the wrist.
  • Amputation below the elbow: removing a portion of the lower arm by cutting across the bones of the lower arm (radius and ulna)
  • Elbow disarticulation is the removal of the lower arm after it has been separated from the upper arm at the elbow.
  • Amputation above the elbow involves removing the lower arm, elbow, and a portion of the upper arm by cutting through the upper arm bone (humerus)
  • Shoulder disarticulation is the removal of the complete arm after it has been separated from the shoulder.
  • Amputation of the forequarters: removal of the arm and part of the shoulder (shoulder bones could include the clavicle and scapula)

 

Lower Extremity Amputation Types

  • Partial foot amputation: the removal of a portion of the foot (there are many types of partial foot amputation)
  • Ankle disarticulation is the removal of the foot after it has been separated from the lower leg at the ankle.
  • Amputation below the knee: removing the foot and a portion of the lower leg by cutting across the bones of the lower leg (tibia and fibula)
  • Knee disarticulation is the separation of the lower leg from the upper leg at the knee.
  • Amputation above the knee: removal of the lower leg, knee, and portion of the upper leg by cutting over the upper leg bone (femur)
  • Hip disarticulation is the separation of the whole leg from the pelvis at the hip joint.
  • Pelvic amputation, also known as hemipelvectomy, is the surgical removal of the complete leg and portion of the pelvic.
  • A double amputation occurs when both hands, feet, arms, or legs are amputated.

 


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