Treating a middle ear infection.
Viruses, bacteria, and, in rare cases, yeast can cause ear infections. In adults and children, ear infections can arise in three parts of the ear.
- Outer ear infections
- Middle ear infections
- Inner ear infections
In this article, we are providing details about a middle ear infection.
Middle ear infections
An infection directly beyond the eardrum (tympanic membrane) with pus trapped in the adjacent hollow cavity (middle ear space) of the cheekbone is known as a middle ear infection (otitis media). In children, middle ear infections are a typical consequence of the common cold.
Symptoms of a middle ear infection:
Middle ear infections can cause a number of different symptoms. The following are a few of the most common:
- sleeping problems
- pulling on the ears
- Ear discharge that is yellow, clear, or crimson
- Balance loss
- difficulties with hearing
- vomiting and nausea
- reduced appetite
Cause of middle ear infection
A cold or other respiratory ailment is frequently the cause of a middle ear infection. Through the eustachian tubes, the infection spreads to one or both ears. The air pressure inside your ear is controlled by these tubes. They attach to the back of your nose and the rear of your throat.
Based on the symptoms you describe and an examination, your doctor can usually diagnose an ear infection or another problem. The doctor will most likely examine your ears, throat, and nasal tube with lighted equipment called an otoscope. He or she will most likely use a stethoscope to listen to your child breathe.
A pneumatic otoscope is often the sole specialist tool needed by a doctor to identify an ear infection. The doctor might use this equipment to look inside the ear and determine whether there is fluid behind the eardrum. The doctor uses a pneumatic otoscope to softly puff air against the eardrum.
- Antibiotics may be prescribed to you. Antibiotics can be given orally in some cases. Others, such as ear drops, can be applied directly to the infection location.
- Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medicines, such as over-the-counter pain medicines, may also be used to control your symptoms.
- If your cold or allergy symptoms persist, you may be prescribed a decongestant, nasal steroids, or an antihistamine.
- Autoinsufflation is another helpful approach. It's said to aid in the clearing of your eustachian tubes. By compressing your nose, closing your lips, and slowly exhaling, you can do this. This can assist drain the eustachian tubes by sending air through them.
- Repairing the tympanic membrane (eardrum) and removing diseased tissue and scarring from the middle ear and mastoid bone are common surgical procedures.