Tarsorrhaphy is a surgical treatment that involves partially sewing the eyelids together. It is conducted on patients who have a variety of diseases that affect the correct function of the eyelids (protecting the eyes and facilitating blinking), putting the cornea at risk of drying. The primary purpose of the procedure is to keep the eyelids slightly closed so that moisture may be kept in the damaged eye.
Tarsorrhaphy is a rather uncommon procedure, yet it performs a unique and critical function in the treatment of certain eyelid and corneal disorders.
Who Should Participate and What Can Be Expected
Tarsorrhaphy is advised for individuals with severe ocular surface problems, corneal epithelial disorders, and ocular exposure situations. These are some instances of these conditions:
- Bell's Palsy is a neurological condition that causes eyelid paralysis (inability to shut or blink the eyelids) or eyelid weakness (inability to close the eyelids entirely).
- Myasthenia gravis is a disorder that causes the face muscles, notably the eyelids, to weaken.
- Stroke patients may have problems regulating their eyelid movement.
- Brain injuries, which may be caused by a number of circumstances such as stroke or unintentional damage, can make regulating the blinking action of the eyes exceedingly difficult for patients.
- Sjogren's syndrome is characterized by a decreased flow of tears.
- Dendritic corneal ulcers - Viruses are often responsible for corneal ulcers. Although curable, ulcers must be given sufficient time to heal. Patients may choose to get a tarsorrhaphy to shield the cornea to expedite this procedure.
- Exophthalmos, also known as proptosis, is a disorder in which the eyes protrude or stick out from their sockets, putting them at danger of drying. This may also be a sign of other disorders such ocular tumors and Graves' disease.
- Enophthalmos is a condition in which the eye is positioned too far back in its socket, making normal eyelid activity inadequate for cornea protection.
- Scarring - Scarring, which is frequent as a consequence of burn injuries, may also harm the eyelids and prevent them from functioning correctly.
- Tarsorrhaphy also aids in the prevention of some eye illnesses, such as chemosis and conjunctival edema.
While tarsorrhaphy is a helpful and successful therapy, it is typically reserved as a last option when all other attempts to keep moisture in the cornea have failed. To keep the cornea moist and prevent it from direct touch with external factors, ophthalmologists often prescribe eye drops and the use of contact lenses initially.
Because the surgery is not a standalone therapy, it is frequently followed by further treatments to address underlying issues affecting the eyelids or the cornea. Tarsorrhaphy may be readily reversed if the underlying problem has been addressed.
How is the Procedure Performed?
The treatment involves gently sewing the corners of the eyelids together to restrict the eye aperture. This may avoid the cornea from being too exposed, providing crucial protection. Furthermore, the process maintains the eyes lubricated by decreasing their exposure to air.
Tarsorrhaphy is currently performed in a variety of ways. Among them are the following:
- Cyanoacrylate adhesive - The lids may be linked easily by gluing them together using cyanoacrylate glue.
- Botulinum toxin, which is more costly, effectively freezes the facial muscles surrounding the afflicted eye.
Patching under pressure
Drawstring method - Used mostly for transient effects, this technique enables the eyes to shut and open with ease.
When the traditional suturing approach is employed, the effects often last between two and eight weeks, allowing physicians enough time to diagnose and treat the underlying issue. All sutures will lose their initial tension after 8 weeks. If the patient's situation necessitates long-term consequences, a permanent tarsorrhaphy may be done, which involves debridement of a portion of the lid margin to maintain the lids shut or constricted.
Tarsorrhaphy, regardless of method, is a short outpatient surgery that needs the delivery of local anesthetic to the upper region of the face.
Possible Risks and Complications
Tarsorrhaphy is a basic and quick operation that is generally done for transitory reasons, so there are few dangers and little to no long-term effects.
These risks are restricted to certain illnesses, and the most of them are small and superficial if they do occur. They may also be easily prevented by keeping the afflicted eyes clean at all times and without wearing makeup. Patients may also have reduced peripheral vision and some eyelid swelling, which is the body's natural reaction as the eyelids recover following surgery.
MEDDCO.COM is India's first digital pricing online platform, where price transparency is the key.
Our website allows users to search for surgical procedure diagnostic tests and other healthcare services amongst various hospitals and
a healthcare provider in and around the location of the user to compare the cost of services, compare the quality of services by the user
rating/reviews to make an informed decision.
On our website, you can find the best package price for Tarsorrhaphy. You can also book an online appointment through our website.
For more information visit our website.