Cesarean delivery, usually known as a C-section, is a type of childbirth procedure. The baby is extracted from the mother's abdomen. The vast majority of caesarean births result in healthy kids and mothers. However, a c-section is a significant surgery with hazards. Healing time is also longer than with a vaginal birth.
The majority of healthy pregnant women with no risk factors for complications during labour or delivery have their kids vaginally delivered.
Many C-sections, according to public health experts, are unnecessary, thus it is critical for pregnant women to learn the facts regarding C-sections before giving birth. Women should learn about C-sections, why they are performed, and the benefits and drawbacks of this surgery.
What is the cost of C-section delivery?
What are the reasons for a C-section?
In the following cases, caesarean delivery may be required:
- Labour is not progressing. Contractions may not be adequate to expand the cervix sufficiently for the baby to progress into the vagina for delivery.
- The umbilical cord, which links the foetus to the uterus, may be constricted, or the foetus' heartbeat may be irregular. In certain circumstances, a caesarean delivery allows the infant to be born promptly so that the baby's health issues can be addressed and resolved.
- The infant is in the incorrect position. When this happens, the baby is usually breech, or in a breech presentation, which means the baby is coming out feet first rather than head first. The baby could be in a transverse (sideways) or oblique (diagonal) position as well.
- The pregnant mother is giving birth to two or more foetuses (multiple pregnancies). If labour begins too soon (preterm labour), the foetuses are not in suitable positions within the uterus for a natural birth, or there are other complications, caesarean delivery may be required.
- The infant is far too big. Larger infants are more likely to have difficulties during birth. Shoulder dystocia occurs when the infant's head is delivered vaginally but the shoulders become trapped. Women with gestational diabetes are more likely to have large kids, especially if their blood sugar levels are poorly controlled.
- The placenta has problems. The placenta may not develop or function properly, be in the wrong place in the uterus, or be implanted too deeply or firmly in the uterine wall. These complications can include blocking required oxygen and nutrients from reaching the foetus or causing vaginal haemorrhage.
- The mother has an illness, such as HIV or herpes, which could be transmitted to the baby during vaginal delivery. Cesarean delivery may aid in preventing viral spread to the newborn.
- The mother suffers from a medical condition. A caesarean delivery allows the doctor to better handle the mother's health conditions.
What choices do you have for pain relief during a C-section?
- Women who have a caesarean delivery may be given pain medication via epidural, spinal, or general anaesthesia.
- Through an injection in the spine, an epidural block numbs the lower part of the body.
- A spinal block, on the other hand, numbs the lower part of the body by injecting straight into the spinal fluid.
- Women who get general anaesthesia, which is frequently used for emergency caesarean deliveries, will not be awake during the procedure.
How long does it take to have a C-section?
- The Cesarean section takes 45 to 60 minutes. It takes place in a hospital operating room. If you were previously in a labour and delivery room, you will be transferred to an operating room. The atmosphere in the operating room is frequently unhurried and relaxing.
- A doctor will administer medication to you via an epidural or spinal block, which will block the sensation of pain in a specific area of your body while allowing you to remain awake and attentive.
- Spinal blocks begin to operate immediately and fully numb your body from the chest down.
- Although epidural blocks relieve pain, you may feel some tugging or pushing.
- Medicine that causes you to fall asleep and lose full awareness is typically only used in life-threatening situations.
- Your abdomen will be cleaned and prepared for surgery.
- You will be given fluids and medications through an IV.
- A catheter will be inserted into your bladder by a nurse. This is done to protect the bladder during surgery. Your heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration will be monitored as well.
How long does recovery from a C-section take?
- You will be sent to a recovery room and closely watched for a few hours.
- You may feel shaky, nauseous, and extremely drowsy.
- You will be sent to a hospital room later.
- When both you and your baby are ready, you can hold, cuddle, and nurse your child.
- Use your hospital stay, which should last two to four days, to rest and connect with your newborn.
- C-section is significant surgery, with a six-week recovery period (not counting the fatigue of new motherhood).
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